Two hundred years of architectural history
The first documented reference to the Residence Palace dates back to 1232. Archbishop Conrad I started the construction of the Bishop’s Palace after the end of the investiture conflict. Several renovations took place between 1519 and 1586, and the Residenz obtained today’s appearance under Archbishop Wolf Dietrich von Raitenau (1587–1612).
At the beginning of the 17th century, the south wing with the large staircase and the Carabinieri Hall, a wing that connects to the Franciscan church and a large court area were built. Wolf Dietrich’s successors expanded and embellished the complex until the end of the 18th century. The Residenz was used by the Archbishops as a residence as well as for representation purposes.
Life and representation
Anyone who visits the Residence Palace today follows the same route taken by envoys of foreign princes, statesmen and diplomats through the state rooms for an audience with the Archbishop. Beginning with the Carabinieri Hall, the rooms increase in pomp and splendour as guests pass through Knight’s Hall, the Conference Hall and the Antecamera, up to the Audience Hall, the grandest of all the official reception rooms. The Prince Archbishops’ private chambers consisted of the study, the casket room, the bedroom with the private chapel, the Beautiful Gallery, the Throne Room, the White Hall, the Green Room and the Imperial Hall.
Use of the bel étage
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart regularly performed in person for the regents in the splendid rooms of the Residence Palace. The violin concert KV 219 in A major, was performed for the first time on 20 December 1775 in the Conference Hall.
The Residenz today is owned by the province of Salzburg. The splendid rooms of the bel étage (or piano nobile) are still used for representation purposes and events today. The venues can also be hired as a magnificent setting for all kinds of events.